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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
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Noun
Pronoun
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Vocabulary
TENSES
Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Simple Present tense is used when, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness. It is used to talk about an action which happens on a regular basis.

Structure for Simple Present

subject auxiliary verb main verb
subject (do) base form
I (do) go to college.

Structure for Negative sentence

subject auxiliary verb main verb
subject do + not base form
I do not go to college.

Structure for interrogative sentence

auxiliary verb subject main verb
Do subject base form
Do you go to college?

We normally use the simple present tense when:

the action is general,
the statement is always true,
the action is not only happening now,
the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future.

There are three important exceptions:

For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.
For the 3rd person singular (he/she/it), we add 's' to the main verb or 'es' to the auxiliary.
  USES OF SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
To express a habitual action:
 
Examples
He drinks coffee/tea every morning.
I get up every day at, six O’clock.
My watch keeps right time.
To express general/universal truth:
 
Examples
The sun rises in the east.
Fortune favors the brave.
In exclamatory sentences beginning with here and there, to express what is actually taking place in the present:
 
Examples
Here comes the bus!
There she goes!
In vivid narratives, as a substitute for the Simple Past:
 
Examples
Sohrab now rushes forward and deals a heavy blow to Rustom.
Immediately the Sultan hurries to his capital.
To indicate a future event that is part of a plan or arrangement:
 
Examples
We go to Bombay in the next week.
They leave for Bombay by the next train / express /mail.
  OTHER USES OF SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
It is used to introduce quotations:
 
Examples
Keats says, 'A thing of beauty is a joy for ever'.
It is used, instead of the Simple Future Tense, in clauses of time and of condition:
 
Examples
I shall/will wait till you finish (your) lunch.
If it rains we shall / will get wet.
The Simple Present is used, instead of the present Continuous, with the type of verbs referred to Present Continuous Tense:
 
Examples
I see an aeroplane.
  Note: not ‘I am seeing an aeroplane’.
As in broadcast commentaries on sporting events, the Simple Present is used, instead of the Present Continuous, to describe activities in progress where there is stress on the --succession of happenings rather than on the duration:
 
Examples
 
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE TABLE
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I (do)go. I do not go. Do I go?
You (do)go. You do not go. Do you go?
We (do)go. We do not go. Do we go?
He/She (does) goes/go. He/She dose not go. Does he/she go?
They (do)go. They do not go . Do they go?
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Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences