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ENGLISH GRAMMAR
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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
Direct and Indirect Speech Uses of Direct-Indirect Speech Direct into Indirect Speech
Questions Statements Commands and Requests Statements
Assertive statements Exclamations and Wishes Statements
DIRECT INTO INDIRECT SPEECH

Normally, we use Direct-Indirect speech in following statements:

QUESTIONS with Shall or Question words Statements
 
Indirect question are always in statement form, therefore, question mark is dropped.
We also drop Do, Dose and Did which are necessary in forming direct questions.
We can use if/whether in indirect questions.
In indirect questions, we can use - asked, enquired/wanted to know / wondered. We should not use ‘said’ in indirect question.
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COMMANDS AND REQUESTS Statements
 
In reporting commands and requests, the Indirect Speech is introduced by some verb expressing command or request and the imperative is changed into the infinitive.
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ASSERTIVE Statements
 
In Assertive statements we assert, tell clearly and boldly but not aggressively.
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EXCALAMATIONS AND WISHES Statements
 
In Exclamation and wishes statements we use appropriate expression to convey emotions, appreciation, anger, happiness etc.
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Direct and Indirect Speech Uses of Direct-Indirect Speech Direct into Indirect Speech
Questions Statements Commands and Requests Statements
Assertive statements Exclamations and Wishes Statements