Basic English : Parts of Sentence
PARTS OF SENTENCE(S)

Parts of Sentences in English

Formation of Sentence(s)

Sentences are formed with the help of word(s). The smallest sentence is “Go” & the longest sentence could be of around 60-70 words. But one must be modest and stick to the rule of brevity for the purpose of clarity in communication.

A sentence is divided into two parts : Subject & Predicate

Subject

Subject is a part of sentence where it names (noun) about which/whom we are talking about.

Predicate

Predicate is that part of a sentence where something is being said about the name/noun (subject).

Examples:
(1) Mother loves her child.
(2) My mother loves me.

In sentence 1, mother is a subject & loves her child is a predicate. In sentence 2, my mother is subject and loves me is a predicate. Therefore, subject can be one word or group of words.

Generally, subject is placed in the beginning of a sentence ie. before the predicate, but sometimes it can be placed at the end of a sentence also ie. After the predicate.

Example:
Here comes the millioner.

In imperative sentences, the subject is silent
Example:
Come here.

(the subject ‘you’ is understood /implied-is not stated)

Parts of Speech in Sentence

Every word in a sentence does a particular function and they are called Parts of Speech:

Example:
Ah! The blind student fell into a deep pit and s/he was hurt very badly.

 

Ah!
The blind
student
fell
into
a
deep
pit
and
s/he
was hurt
very badly.
Interjection
Adjective
Noun
Verb
Preposition
Article
Adjective
Noun
Conjunction
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb

 

Verb: Usually verb is of one word in a sentence but it may be two or three e.g. refer the sentence above.
1) Fell
2) Was hurt
Example:
All the shops in city have been closed due to riot.
Related Topics :
English Alphabet letters
English Alphabet letters
Articles : 'A', 'An' and 'The'
Articles 'a' 'an' and 'the' in english language
Vowels and Consonants
Vowels and Consonants in English
Parts of Speech in English
Parts of Speech in English

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