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ENGLISH GRAMMAR
Grammar Topics
  Alphabet
  Vowels & Consonants
  Word Building
  Sentences
  Articles
  Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
  Parts of speech
  Noun
  Pronoun
  Verb
  Adverb
  Adjective
  Preposition
  Conjunction
  Interjection
  Tenses
  Opposites
  Active & Passive Voice
  Direct & Indirect Speech
  Vocabulary building
   
   
  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
PARTS OF SENTENCE(S)
Parts of Sentence Types of Sentence Use of Capital Letters Punctuation Marks
Parts of Sentence
  Formation of Sentence(s)

Sentences are formed with the help of word(s). The smallest sentence is “Go” & the longest sentence could be of around 60-70 words. But one must be modest and stick to the rule of brevity for the purpose of clarity in communication.

A sentence is divided into two parts : Subject & Predicate

Subject

Subject is a part of sentence where it names (noun) about which/whom we are talking about.

Predicate

Predicate is that part of a sentence where something is being said about the name/noun (subject).

Example:
1 Mother loves her child.
2 My mother loves me.

In sentence 1, mother is a subject & loves her child is a predicate. In sentence 2, my mother is subject and loves me is a predicate. Therefore, subject can be one word or group of words.

Generally, subject is placed in the beginning of a sentence ie. before the predicate, but sometimes it can be placed at the end of a sentence also ie. After the predicate.

Example:
Here comes the millioner.

In imperative sentences, the subject is silent

Example:
Come here. (the subject ‘you’ is understood /implied-is not stated)

  Parts of Speech in Sentence

 

Every word in a sentence does a particular function and they are called Parts of Speech:

Example:
Ah! The blind student fell into a deep pit and s/he was hurt very badly.

Ah! The blind student fell into a deep pit and s/he was hurt very badly.
Interjection Adjective Noun Verb Preposition Article Adjective Noun Conjunction Pronoun Verb Adverb

Verb: Usually verb is of one word in a sentence but it may be two or three e.g. refer the sentence above.
1) Fell
2) Was hurt
3) All the shops in city have been closed due to riot.

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Parts of Sentence Types of Sentence Use of Capital Letters Punctuation Marks