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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
ARTICLES
Types of Articles Indefinite article : A and AN Definite article : THE
Types of Articles 'a', 'an' and 'the'.
Types of Articles

Article is a part of Adjective. There are three articles in English Language. They are A, AN and THE.

There are two kinds of articles:

1. Indefinite article (A and AN)
2. Definite article (THE)

  Uses of articles - A/An and The

 

Use "a" if the word starts with a consonant and use "an" if the word starts with a vowel.

if word starts with a consonant use "a"   if word starts with a vowel use "an"
a boy   an aunt
a school   an old school
a girl   an american girl
         
Mind the pronunciation of the following word.
a unit This u sounds like a consonant, so we use a.
an uncle This u sounds like a vowel, so we use an.

Use of "a" or "an"
  A/an" is used to refer to a non-specific or non-particular member of the group.
 
Example
I would like to go see a movie.
 
Note: Here, we're not talking about any specific movie. There are many movies, and I want to see any movie. I don't have a specific one in mind.

Use of "a"
 
Example
My daughter wants a toy for birthday.
 
Note: This refers to any toy. We don't know which toy because we haven't found the toy yet.
 
Somebody call a policeman!
 
Note: This refers to any policeman. We don't need a specific policeman; we need any policeman who is available.

Use of "an"
 
Example
When I was at the zoo, I saw an elephant!
 
Note: Here, we're talking about a single, non-specific thing, in this case an elephant. There are probably several elephants at the zoo, but there's only one we're talking about here.

Use of "a" or "the"
 
Example
Let's read the book. -mean a specific book.
Let's read a book. -mean any book rather than a specific book.

Use of "the"
  The is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group.
 
Example
I just saw the most popular movie of the year.
 
Note: There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the.

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Types of Articles Indefinite article : A and AN Definite article : THE