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ENGLISH GRAMMAR
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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
VOWELS AND CONSONANTS
Vowels and Consonants
Letters of English Alphabets

VOWELS:

A vowel is a speech sound made by allowing breath to flow out of the mouth, without closing any part of the mouth or throat (although the lips may ove to create the correct sound, as in creating the sound “o”). Letters of the English alphabet that represent vowels: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y.

CONSONANTS:

A consonant is a speech sound made by partially or completely blocking the flow of air through the mouth (using the lips, teeth, tongue, and palate). Letters of the English alphabet that represent consonants include all the letters that are not vowels.

In English language there are 26 alphabets and they are further divided into 5 vowels (a,e,i,o,u)and 21 consonants (remaining alphabets.)

Vowels a   e   i   o   u  
Consonants   b c d   f g h   j k l m n   p q r s t   v w x y z

 

The table shows the letters that are vowels and consonants. But the important thing in linking is the sound, not the letter. Often the letter and the sound are the same, but not always.

For example, the word "pay" ends with:

the consonant letter "y"
the vowel sound "a"
Here are some more examples:

Speak these words -> uniform honest
begins with the letter u h
begins with the sound y o

Speak these words -> though know
ends with the letter h w
ends with the sound o o

Sometimes “H” is also used as a vowel as in – honor / hour. Here “H” is silent and pronounced as “O”, as in Orange.

Generally, any word beginning with vowel and having vowel sound, we use “AN” and words beginning with consonant, we use “A”.

There are only two words in English with all five vowels in alphabetical order as under:

1. Abstemious (means moderate in eating and drinking)
2. Facetious (means intend to amuse)

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Phonetics-I Phonetics-II Phonetics-III Phonetics-IV