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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
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Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
TENSES
Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences
PAST PERFECT TENSE

Past perfect tense is used to expresses action that happened in the past before another action in the past. This is the past in the past.

Structure for Past Perfect

subject auxiliary verb main verb
subject had past participle
I had gone to college.

Structure for Negative sentence

subject auxiliary verb main verb
subject had + not past participle
I had not gone to college.

Structure for interrogative sentence

auxiliary verb subject main verb
Has/Have subject past participle
Had you gone to college?

Past perfect tense show that something happened before a specific time in the past. It helps to show which event happened first. This tense is formed with the past tense form of "have" (Had) plus the past participle of the verb (which can be either regular or irregular in form):

We use the past perfect tense to:

expresses action that happened in the past before another action in the past.
  USES OF PAST PERFECT TENSE
The Past Perfect describe an action completed before a certain moment in the past:
 
Examples
I met him in New Delhi in 1970.
I had seen him last before five years.
If two action happened in the past, it may be necessary to show which action happened earlier than the other. The past perfect is mainly used in such situations. The simple past is used in one clause and the Past Perfect is used in one clause and the past perfect in the other:
 
Examples
When I reached the station the train had started.
I had done my exercise when Hari came to see me.
I had written the letter before he arrived.
We often use the past perfect tense in reported speech after verbs like said, told, asked, thought, wondered:
 
Examples
He told us that the train had left.
I wondered if I had been there before.
I asked them why they had not finished.
I thought I had met her before, but I was wrong.
He explained that he had closed the window because of the rain.
PAST PERFECT TENSE TABLE
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I had gone. I had not gone. Had I gone?
You had gone. You had not gone. Had you gone?
We had gone. We had not gone. Had we gone?
He/She had gone. He/She had not gone. Had he/she gone?
They had gone. They had not gone. Had they gone?
You may also like to see
Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences