Facebook Button oogle Plus Button Contact Us
  Improve English Grammar Common Mistakes Phobias & Fear SMS English Personality Development Vocabulary KIDS Corner  
Home > English Grammar > Tenses > Present Perfect Continuous Tense
     
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
Grammar Topics
  Alphabet
  Vowels & Consonants
  Word Building
  Sentences
  Articles
  Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
  Parts of speech
  Noun
  Pronoun
  Verb
  Adverb
  Adjective
  Preposition
  Conjunction
  Interjection
  Tenses
  Opposites
  Active & Passive Voice
  Direct & Indirect Speech
  Vocabulary building
   
   
  ENGLISH GRAMMAR  
Alphabet
Vowels & Consonants
Word Building
Sentences
Articles
Cardinal-Ordinal Numbers
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adverb
Adjective
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Tenses
Opposites
Active & Passive Voice
Direct & Indirect Speech
Vocabulary
TENSES
Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about an action that began in the past and stopped recently. There is usually a result now. We also use the present perfect continuous tense to talk about an action that began in the past and is continuing now. This is often used with for or since.

Structure for Present Perfect Continuous

subject auxiliary verb auxiliary verb main verb
subject has/have been base+ing
They have been going.

Structure for Negative sentence

subject auxiliary verb auxiliary verb main verb
subject has/have not + been base+ing
They have not been going.

Structure for interrogative sentence

auxiliary verb subject auxiliary verb main verb
Has/Have subject been base+ing
Have they been going?

The duration for which the action has been going on is usually mentioned in the present perfect continuous tense.

We use the present perfect continuous tense for:

An action that has just stopped or recently stopped.
An action continuing up to now.
  USES OF PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Present Perfect Continuous is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing:
 
Examples
He has been sleeping for five hours (and is still sleeping).
They have been building the bridge for several months.
They have been playing since four o’clock.
This tense is sometimes used for an action already finished. In such cases the continuity of the activity is emphasized as an explanation of something:
 
Examples
Why are your clothes so wet’?, - I have been watering the garden.
I am tired because I have been playing.
We can also use 'for' and 'since' with the present perfect tense.
 
We use 'for' to talk about a period of time - 15 minutes, 3 weeks, 5 years.
Examples
I have been studying for 2 hours.
Jenifer hasn't been feeling well for 3 weeks.
He has been playing cricket for a long time.
We use 'since' to talk about a point in past time-7 o'clock, 1st June, Wednesday.
Examples
I have been watching TV since 8pm.
Alex hasn't been visiting us since August.
He has been living in London since he left school.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE TABLE
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I have been going. I have not been going. Have I been going?
You have been going. You have not been going. Have you been going?
We have been going. We have not been going. Have we been going?
He/She has been going. He/She has not been going. Has he/she been going?
They have been going. They have not been going. Have they been going?
You may also like to see
Kinds of Tenses Tense Table
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous
Present Conditional Tense Conditional Sentences